| perennials | 16 min read | By Sarah Greenfield

Growing and Caring for Peonies: A Complete Guide

Beloved for their large, fragrant blooms, peonies are a staple in many perennial gardens. They come in a variety of colors, including white, pink, and red, and bloom in late spring to early summer. Peonies are long-lived and can thrive for many years with proper care.

Discover the beauty and elegance of peonies with our comprehensive guide. Learn how to grow, care, and use peonies in floral arrangements.

Peonies are one of the most exquisite flowers in the world. From their unrivaled beauty to their heavenly fragrance, these flowers have captured the hearts and minds of gardeners and flower enthusiasts alike for centuries. While some might argue that roses or lilies are superior, I am here to tell you that peonies reign supreme in every way.

Firstly, let’s talk about the sheer beauty of peony flowers. Their large, fluffy blooms in shades of pink, white, red and even yellow are simply breathtaking.

No other flower can match the sheer size and delicacy of a peony bloom. And don’t even get me started on those ruffled petals!

Each one is like a work of art - so soft and delicate yet so intricate. Now let’s move on to fragrance.

Peonies have an intoxicating scent that lingers long after they’ve been cut. The aroma is both sweet and spicy with notes of rose, honey, and cinnamon all mingling together to create a scent that is truly divine.

In fact, if you’re looking for a flower to fill your home with fragrance alone then look no further than the peony. Planting peonies might be slightly challenging for some gardeners but believe me when I say it’s worth it.

These perennials will reward your efforts with years of stunning blooms provided you plant them correctly initially. They require well-draining soil rich in organic matter as they are somewhat susceptible to root rot which can be fatal if left unchecked.

In terms of care, there isn’t much to worry about when it comes to planting peonies beyond making sure not to overwater them as this can lead to mold or mildew growth which can damage the plants’ health significantly. All things considered when looking at beauty , fragrance , ease-of-care aspects altogether I strongly believe Peonies are undoubtedly one-of-a-kind specimens deserving special attention from gardeners and flower enthusiasts alike.

Different Peony Varieties

There are so many different varieties of peonies out there, it can be overwhelming when it comes to choosing which ones to plant in your garden. Some may argue that all peonies are beautiful, but I believe that certain varieties stand out above the rest. Let’s start with the classic herbaceous peony.

This variety is what most people think of when they hear the word “peonies.” They come in a range of colors from white to pink to red and have large, showy blooms. While they may be a bit fussy about their planting requirements, once established, herbaceous peonies can provide years of stunning beauty in the garden.

Moving on to tree peonies - now these are something special. The blooms on tree peonies are larger than those of herbaceous peonies and come in an even wider range of colors.

The foliage on tree peonies is also more interesting with its unique shape and texture. In my opinion, if you’re looking for a statement piece for your garden or landscape design, a tree peony is the way to go.

Another variety of peony worth mentioning is the intersectional or Itoh hybrid. These hybrids combine the best traits of herbaceous and tree peonies - they have gorgeous blooms like their herbaceous relatives but with the larger size and interesting foliage of tree peonies.

Additionally, Itoh hybrids bloom for an extended period compared to other types of peonies. Last but not least are Japanese or anemone-flowered varieties.

These types have single or semi-double blooms compared to other types’ double flowers but make up for it with their unique shape and coloration options ranging from soft pink tones through deep reds with yellow centres adding interest that contrasts well against any greenery planted nearby. While there are many other types and sub-varieties within each type as well as unmentioned ones worth considering like the Coral Charm Peony, which offers a range of colours throughout bloom time that would enhance any garden design.

It is essential to choose peonies that fit your garden’s specific requirements including bloom time and colours that will complement the other plants in the garden. And with so many varieties to choose from, there’s sure to be a perfect peony for every taste and garden setting.

Growing and Planting Peonies

can be a bit of a challenge, but the end result is absolutely worth it. These beautiful flowers are a must-have in any garden and will bring joy to your heart every time you see them bloom.

When growing peonies, it is important to choose the right location. Peonies need plenty of sunlight, but they also need some shade during the hottest part of the day.

They also need well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. When planting peonies, make sure to plant them at the right depth.

The eyes (where new growth will come from) should be no deeper than two inches below the soil surface. If planted too deep, they may not bloom or may take several years to do so.

It’s also important to give them enough space to grow - some varieties can spread up to three feet wide! Peony diseases can be a problem if you’re not careful.

Powdery mildew and botrytis are common fungal diseases that can affect peonies if they’re planted in an area with poor air circulation or if they’re overcrowded. To prevent these diseases, make sure your peonies have plenty of space between each other and don’t crowd them with other plants.

When it comes to choosing varieties of peony plants for your garden, there are many options available! From classic reds and pinks to unique yellows and whites, there is a color for everyone!

Some popular options include ‘Sarah Bernhardt’, ‘Coral Charm’, ‘Bowl of Beauty’, and ‘Karl Rosenfield’. Do some research before making your purchase so you can select the variety that suits your aesthetic preferences as well as growing conditions in your area.

In my opinion, caring for peonies is relatively easy once they’re established in your garden. These hardy perennials require little maintenance other than regular watering during dry spells and fertilizing in the spring.

Deadheading is also important to promote continued blooming and to prevent self-seeding, which can lead to overcrowding and disease issues. With a little patience and care, growing peonies can be a rewarding experience that yields beautiful flowers year after year.

Caring for Peonies

Taking care of your peonies is just as important as selecting the right varieties and planting them properly.

These beauties require some attention to detail in order to thrive, but the payoff is definitely worth it in my opinion. So, here are some tips on how to care for your peony plants.

First things first, let’s talk about watering. It’s important to water your peonies regularly during their growing season, especially if you live in a hot and dry climate like I do.

However, don’t overdo it! Overwatering can lead to root rot and other diseases that can kill your beloved peonies.

So, make sure the soil is moist but not soaking wet. Another aspect of caring for your peonies is pruning.

Now, I know this might be an unpopular opinion, but I am a firm believer that you should never prune your peony plants unless absolutely necessary. Sure, deadheading spent flowers can help promote more blooms later on in the season, but cutting back healthy foliage is just not necessary in my experience.

Speaking of foliage, let’s talk about fertilizing. While it might be tempting to add fertilizer to your peony plants on a regular basis (because who doesn’t love big beautiful blooms?), I caution against it.

Too much fertilizer can lead to weak stems and an increased susceptibility to disease and pests. Instead, opt for organic fertilizers that release slowly over time.

Let’s discuss one of the most frustrating aspects of caring for peonies: dealing with diseases and pests. Unfortunately, these gorgeous flowers are prone to a variety of ailments such as botrytis blight and verticillium wilt (just to name a few).

While prevention is key (make sure you’re not overcrowding your plants or allowing them to sit in standing water), sometimes even the most diligent gardener will encounter an issue. When that happens, don’t be afraid to ask for help from a local expert or garden center.

Overall, caring for peonies is definitely a labor of love. But with a little attention and effort, you can enjoy these stunning flowers for years to come.

Propagating Peonies

Peony propagation is an art that not everyone can perfect. However, it is a skill worth mastering as it ensures you have a constant supply of your favorite peonies.

There are two types of propagation methods in peonies: division and seed sowing. Division is the most common method used by gardeners to propagate their peonies.

This method involves separating the root clumps into smaller sections and replanting them separately. The best time to divide peonies is in early fall when the leaves have died back, giving you a clear view of the structure of the plant.

It’s important to ensure that each section has at least three to five buds, making sure they face upwards when replanting them. Seed sowing requires extra patience as it takes around three years before seedlings grow big enough to produce flowers.

This method involves collecting seeds from your desired variety during late summer or early fall and planting them during autumn. Like with any other seeds, they need adequate moisture and sunlight to germinate.

not only gives you more plants but also helps maintain the plants’ health by controlling overcrowding and preventing diseases like botrytis blight that thrive in damp environments. However, propagating peonies requires some level of expertise since it can be too easy to damage their delicate roots while trying to divide them into sections.

As such, always use sharp tools that slice through roots cleanly instead of crushing or breaking them apart. Propagating peonies can be an exciting experience if done right with proper care taken especially when dealing with delicate root systems while dividing the roots into smaller sections for replanting purposes.

Peonies in Floral Arrangements

Peonies are one of the most beautiful and versatile flowers available for use in floral arrangements. With a wide range of colors, shapes, and sizes to choose from, peony arrangements can be customized to suit any occasion or aesthetic preference.

Peonies are particularly popular for use in wedding bouquets and centerpieces due to their romantic symbolism and soft, delicate appearance. One of the best things about using peonies in floral arrangements is their long vase life.

When properly cared for, peonies can last up to a week in a vase, making them an excellent choice for both personal and professional floral needs. The key to extending the vase life of peony arrangements is to change the water frequently (at least every 2 days) and trim the stems every time you do so.

When it comes to designing peony arrangements, there are countless options available. From simple single-stem vases to elaborate centerpieces featuring multiple varieties of peonies mixed with other flowers and greenery, there really is no limit to what can be created with these stunning blooms.

Some popular pairing options include hydrangeas, roses, ranunculus, and eucalyptus. Despite their beauty and popularity in the world of floral design, some people still shy away from using peonies due to their reputation as being difficult or temperamental flowers.

However, with proper care (including adequate hydration during transport), any variety of peony can be successfully incorporated into a variety of different types of flower arrangements. To truly appreciate the beauty that these flowers have to offer, I highly recommend experimenting with different combinations until you find your perfect peony arrangement!

Symbolism and Meaning of Peonies

Peonies are more than just beautiful flowers, they also hold significant symbolism and meaning. In many cultures, the peony represents wealth, prosperity, and good fortune.

It is not surprising then that peonies have become a popular choice for weddings and other special occasions. In addition to its positive connotations, the peony also holds a deeper symbolic meaning.

In Chinese culture, the peony is often referred to as the “king of flowers” or “flower fairy”. It represents honor, masculinity, and bravery — qualities that were once highly valued in Chinese society.

The Japanese also view the peony as a symbol of bravery and honor. However, not all cultures view the peony in such a positive light.

In some parts of Europe and America during the Victorian era, it was believed that giving someone a bouquet of peonies could bring bad luck to both the giver and receiver. This association with bad luck may have been due to their large size and heavy blooms which were thought to weigh down their stems — an ill omen for those seeking longevity.

Despite this superstition in certain cultures throughout history, I firmly believe that there is no better way to convey love than through a beautiful bouquet of peonies. Not only are they visually stunning but their fragrance is intoxicatingly sweet — an added bonus for those who appreciate scents.

Overall, while there may be varying interpretations of what the peony symbolizes depending on cultural context or historical period, I believe that at its core it represents beauty and elegance. Whether used in wedding arrangements or simply enjoyed in your garden at home - Peonies are truly one of nature’s most charming creations

Fragrant Peonies

When it comes to peonies, fragrance is one of the most alluring characteristics. The sweet and intoxicating scent of a fully bloomed peony is enough to make your head spin.

But not all peonies are created equal when it comes to fragrance. Some have a light and subtle scent, while others pack a punch that can fill an entire room.

Personally, I believe that the best fragrant peonies are those that have a strong and distinct aroma. Sure, the delicate scents may be nice for some people, but if you’re going to go through all the trouble of growing and caring for these beauties, why settle for anything less than a sensory overload?

Some of my favorite highly fragrant varieties include ‘Festiva Maxima’, ‘Edulis Superba’, and ‘Kansas’. Of course, fragrance isn’t just about intensity - it’s also about complexity.

A truly remarkable peony scent should have layers upon layers of aroma that evolve over time. It should be both sweet and spicy, with hints of floral notes mixed in with deeper earthy tones.

But here’s the thing - not all fragrant peonies are created equal when it comes to longevity. Some will give off their signature scent for days on end, while others seem to lose their fragrance almost as soon as they bloom.

This is where careful selection comes into play. When choosing fragrant peony varieties for your garden or floral arrangements, pay attention not just to the strength and complexity of the scent but also how long it will last once cut or bloomed in your garden space.

Look for cultivars like ‘Sarah Bernhardt’ or ‘Coral Charm’ that are known for having extended bloom times along with their intoxicating aromas. If you want your garden or floral arrangements to truly stand out from the crowd then you simply must include some highly fragrant peonies.

Opt for those with a strong and distinct aroma, along with complex and long-lasting scents. Trust me - your senses (and anyone else’s lucky enough to encounter them) will thank you!

Extended Bloom Time with Peonies

Let me tell you about one of my favorite aspects of peonies: their extended bloom time. Unlike other flowers, which often only bloom for a few weeks at most, peonies can produce blooms for up to six weeks!

That’s right — six glorious weeks of stunning, fragrant flowers gracing your garden or filling your home. But how exactly do peonies manage such an impressive bloom time?

First and foremost, it’s important to choose the right varieties. Some peony varieties have a much shorter bloom time than others, so if an extended bloom is what you’re after, be sure to do your research before planting.

Another key factor in achieving a long-lasting peony display is proper care. From planting to pruning and fertilizing, every step of the process plays a role in determining how long your peonies will thrive.

But don’t worry — with just a little bit of know-how and some careful attention to detail, you can keep those blooms coming for weeks on end. Of course, not all factors affecting bloom time are within our control.

Weather conditions can also play a big role in determining how long your peonies will last. Ideally, cool temperatures and consistent moisture levels are best for extending the life of these beautiful flowers.

But even if Mother Nature doesn’t cooperate perfectly, there are still steps you can take to prolong the blooming period. If you’re looking for a flower that will provide lasting beauty and fragrance throughout the season, look no further than the mighty peony!

With careful selection and proper care techniques (including timely deadheading of spent blooms), these versatile flowers can bring joy and color to any space for weeks on end. So go ahead — embrace the power of the peony!


Peonies are a truly breathtaking flower that are worth the effort to grow and care for. These beautiful blooms come in a wide range of colors and sizes, making them a versatile addition to any garden or floral arrangement.

Whether you are a seasoned gardener or just starting out, Peonies are an excellent choice for adding color and beauty to your outdoor space. Despite their many benefits, however, Peonies can be susceptible to diseases and pests that can quickly turn your garden into a nightmare.

It is important to take precautions when planting and caring for your Peonies to ensure that they remain healthy and vibrant throughout the growing season. If you’re looking to propagate your own Peonies, there are several methods you can try depending on the variety you have.

From seed sowing to division and layering, there are many ways to increase your stock of these lovely flowers. When it comes time to arrange your Peony blooms in a vase or centerpiece, don’t be afraid to get creative!

Pairing different colors together or mixing in other complementary flowers can create stunning arrangements that will brighten up any room. In terms of symbolism, Peonies have long been associated with love, prosperity, and good fortune.

Whether given as a gift or used as part of a wedding bouquet or centerpiece, these gorgeous flowers carry great meaning and significance. Overall, there is nothing quite like the beauty of Peonies in full bloom.

With proper care and attention given during planting and growth stages alike,,these lovely flowers will reward you with their incredible fragrance,, extended bloom time,,and stunning visual impact year after year. So go ahead — start planning your own Peony garden today!

Back to Blog